Playbooks Supplements

Water Management Techbook 2018

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Page 4 of 55 | April 2018 | 3 Water supply and reuse Acquiring enough water to fracture wells that fea- ture the latest enhanced completion designs has given rise to an emerging midstream market, one that helps defray costs and ensures adequate sup- ply. Additionally, both operators and service pro- viders have worked to develop recycle and reuse operations to handle large amounts of produced water as an alternative to injecting it through dis- posal wells into deep underground reservoirs. These recycle and reuse operations are emerging options that reduce costs while also avoiding potential induced seismicity issues. In July 2017 Layne Christensen announced the completion of its Hermosa project, a 20-mile water pipeline serving producers in the Delaware Basin. Five months later, in December 2017, Layne announced a 6-mile expansion of the pipeline. Michael Anderson, president of the company's water midstream operations, said the Hermosa pipe- line can deliver up to 175,000 bbl/d of water to pro- ducers operating in the Delaware Basin. Anderson said the water is sourced near the town of Pecos, where freshwater is more plentiful, and piped north and west, where the region is much dryer and the local aquifers are thinner. "Along this 26 miles, we currently have 13 dif- ferent delivery points, and we'll have 18 as we add the 6 miles, so it's really easy for a lot of producers to tap into the risers we have along the pipeline," Anderson said. According to Layne Christensen, the system offers a long-term water source with enough aquifer resources to last more than 15 years. With the demand for water increasing, Anderson said the company is looking to implement additional pipeline projects in other unconventional plays and that the Midland Basin and Scoop/Stack basins in Oklahoma are likely targets. "The notion of building out big source water infrastructure is not going to be right for every single basin," Anderson said. "The big poster child for not doing this is the Marcellus, where water is pretty easy to come by." Companies like Apache, Approach Resources and Continental Resources have invested in developing their own water midstream infra- structure, operations that include recycling capa- bilities that allow them to reuse produced water in fracturing operations. Matador Resources has operated a recycling facil- ity at its Rustler Breaks asset in Eddy County, N.M., since 2015. According to the company's third-quar- ter 2017 financial report, the facility has recycled more than 6.8 MMbbl of water with an estimated gross savings of $5.9 million. Since 2015 Matador WATER MANAGEMENT: OVERVIEW OVERVIEW WATER MANAGEMENT: Layne Christensen's pump station operates four pumps running at 125 hp each and can pump more than 175,000 bbl/d of water through the company's Hermosa pipeline. (Photo courtesy of Layne Christensen)

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